Roots of Eremitical life

For root Eremitism is considered an Indian tradition that the head brahmana family in old age went into seclusion and lived as a hermit in the woods. Hermit motifs also appear in Greek Pythagoreans (Pythagoras) and the Stoics (Diogenes), biblical characters (Elijah and Elisha on Mount Carmel, John the Baptist, Jesus 40 days in the desert, according to tradition, she lived a life as a hermit and Mary Magdalene). Into seclusion and people left for various reasons other than purely spiritual – before taxes, punishment, poverty and so on. Hermits living in caves or in huts built with his own hands. For example ate growing crops, handicrafts, from alms at a later time and administration for religious objects livelihood from landlords.
The beginnings of Christian Eremitism are asked to Egypt in the second half of the third century after Christ, where he created the ascetic movement, which invited both men and women to go into seclusion and into the desert, which was the antithesis of the value of the city, place of communion with God, overcoming demons, averting from the world. In Europe, the desert represented the forest. As the father of Christian Eremitism are regarded St. Paul Thebian (228-341) and Saint Anthony the Great (251-356). Paul Theban was banished to the sidelines persecution of Christians, Anthony the Great came from a wealthy and noble family and after hearing the Gospel he decided to give up his property and live in poverty. Particularly strict form Eremitism ran so. STYLIO who spent their lives at the head of the column – the most famous is St. Simeon Stylita older at the turn of the 4th and 5th centuries. In the 4th century spread the monastic movement, which has become an alternative to strict collectivism individualistic Eremitism. Eremitism however, retained its importance and some monks in the monastery after training went to the hermit life.

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